Prof. Dr. Daniel Leising


© Kirsten Lassig

Office: FAB 1. OG Room 149

Fax: + 49 351 463-37776

Research Interests

My research addresses the question of how people judge each other, and themselves. I am particularly interested in the conditions under which different judgments of the same persons agree better with each other, and the conditions under which person judgments become more accurate. Both have to do with the amount and the quality of information that is available to the judges, and with the judges' motivation to draw an accurate, a positive, or a negative image of the target person. Different constellations of these factors may lead to very different judgments of the same person, or to highly similar judgments of different persons. These research questions are directly relevant for various fields of applied psychology (e.g., performance assessment, clinical diagnostics, psychotherapy evaluation, personnel selection, personnel development).



Consulting Editor for the Journal of Research in Personality

Consulting Editor for the Journal of Personality Assessment

Ad-hoc reviews for (among others)

European Journal of Personality

Journal of Personality

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Journal of Personality Disorders

National Science Foundation (NSF)

Personality and Individual Differences

Personality and Social Psychology Review

Recent Publications

Dufner, M., Gebauer, J.E., & Leising, D. (in press). Which basic rules underlie social judgments? Agency follows a zero-sum principle and communion follows a non-zero-sum principle. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Gallrein, A.M.B., Weßels, N.M., Carlson, E.N., & Leising, D. (in press). I still cannot see it - A Replication of Blind Spots in Self-Perception. Journal of Research in Personality. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2015.10.002

Leising, D., Locke, K., Kurzius, E., & Zimmermann, J. (in press). Quantifying the association of self-enhancement bias with self-ratings of personality and life satisfaction. Assessment. doi: 10.1177/1073191115590852

Zimmermann, J., Mayer, A., Leising, D., Krieger, T., Grosse Holtfort, M., & Pretsch, J. (in press). Exploring occasion specificity in the assessment of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: A latent state-trait analysis. European Journal of Psychological Assessment.

Zimmermann, J., Bohnke, J. R., Eschstruth, R., Mathews, A., Wenzel, K., & Leising, D. (2015). The latent structure of personality functioning: Investigating criterion A from the alternative model for personality disorders in DSM-5. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124, 532-548.doi: 10.1037/abn0000059

Leising, D., Scherbaum, S., Locke, K., & Zimmermann, J. (2015). A model of "substance" and "evaluation" in person judgments. Journal of Research in Personality, 57, 61-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2015.04.002

Borkenau, P., Leising, D., & Fritz, U. (2014). Effects of communication between judges on consensus and accuracy in judgments of people's intelligence. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 30, 274-282.doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000188

Leising, D., & Zimmermann, J. (2014). Diagnostik von Persönlichkeitsstörungen - alles auf Anfang? Report Psychologie, 39(9), 346-357.

Leising, D., Scharloth, J., Lohse, O., & Wood, D. (2014). What types of terms do people use when describing an individual's personality? Psychological Science, 25, 1787-1794.doi: 10.1177/0956797614541285

Zimmermann, J., Altenstein, D., Krieger, T., Grosse Holtforth, M., Pretsch, J., Alexopoulos, J., Spitzer, C., Benecke, C., Krueger, R.F., Markon, K., & Leising, D. (2014). The structure and correlates of self-reported DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: Findings from two German-speaking samples. Journal of Personality Disorders, 28, 518-540. doi: 10.1521/pedi_2014_28_130  

Zimmermann, J., Benecke, C., Bender, D. S., Skodol, A. E., Schauenburg, H., Cierpka, M., & Leising, D. (2014). Assessing DSM–5 level of personality functioning from videotaped clinical interviews: a pilot study with untrained and clinically inexperienced students. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96, 397-409. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2013.852563

Leising, D., Gallrein, A.M.B., & Dufner, M. (2014). Judging the behavior of people we know: Objective assessment, confirmation of pre-existing views, or both? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 153-163.doi: 10.1177/0146167213507287

Zimmermann, J., Masuhr, O., Jaeger, U., Leising, D., Benecke, C., & Spitzer, C. (2014). Maladaptive Persönlichkeitseigenschaften gemäß DSM-5. Zusammenhänge mit psychischer Belastung und ICD-10 Diagnosen in einer klinischen Stichprobe. Persönlichkeitsstörungen: Theorie und Therapie, 18, 46-58.

Zimmermann, J., Benecke, C., Bender, D. S., Skodol, A. E., Krueger, R. F., & Leising, D. (2013). Persönlichkeitsdiagnostik im DSM-5. Psychotherapeut, 58, 455-465. doi: 10.1007/s00278-013-1009-1

Leising, D., Borkenau, P., Zimmermann, J., Roski, C., Leonhardt, A., & Schütz, A. (2013). Positive Self-Regard and Claim to Leadership: Two fundamental forms of self-evaluation. European Journal of Personality, 27, 565-579. doi: 10.1002/per.1924  

Gallrein, A.M.B., Carlson, E.N., Holstein, M., & Leising, D. (2013). You spy with your little eye – people are “blind” to some of the ways in which they are consensually seen by others. Journal of Research in Personality, 47,

Leising, D., Ostrovski, O., & Zimmermann, J. (2013). Are we talking about the same person here? Inter-rater agreement in judgments of personality varies dramatically with how much the perceivers like the targets. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 468-474.doi: 10.1177/1948550612462414

Leising, D., Ostrovski, O., & Borkenau, P. (2012). Vocabulary for describing disliked persons is more differentiated than vocabulary for describing liked persons. Journal of Research in Personality, 46,  
Leising, D., & Zimmermann, J.  (2011). An integrative conceptual  framework for assessing personality  and personality pathology. Review of General Psychology, 15, 317-330.doi:10.1037/a0025070  
Leising, D. (2011, November). Assumed similarity in judgments of one's own and others' interpersonal behavior. Newsletter of the Society for Interpersonal Theory and Research, 12(1), 9-12.
Leising,  D.,  Krause, S., Köhler, D., Hinsen, K., & Clifton, A. (2011).  Assessing interpersonal functioning: Views from within and without. Journal of Research in Personality, 45,  
Leising, D., & Bleidorn, W. (2011). Which are the basic meaning dimensions of observable interpersonal behavior? Personality and Individual Differences, 51,  
Leising, D. (2011). The consistency bias in judgments of one's own interpersonal behavior. Two possible sources. Journal of Individual Differences, 32, 137-143.doi: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000046  
Leising,  D., & Borkenau, P. (2011). Person perception, dispositional  inferences and social judgment. In L. M. Horowitz & S. Strack  (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal psychology: Theory, research, assessment, and therapeutic interventions (pp. 157-170). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.doi: 10.1002/9781118001868.ch10  
Leising,  D., Grande, T., & Faber, R. (2010). A longitudinal study of  emotional experience, expressivity, and psychopathology in psychotherapy  inpatients and psychologically healthy persons. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66, 1027-1043.doi: 10.1002/jclp.20704  
Leising, D., Erbs, J., & Fritz, U. (2010). The letter of recommendation effect in informant ratings of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 668-682.doi: 10.1037/a0018771  
Leising,  D., Rogers, K., & Ostner, J. (2009). The undisordered personality:  Normative assumptions underlying personality disorder diagnoses. Review of General Psychology, 13, 230-241.doi: 10.1037/a0017139  
Leising, D., Grande, T., & Faber, R. (2009). The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20): A measure of general psychological distress. Journal of Research in Personality, 43,  
Borkenau,  P., Zaltauskas, K., & Leising, D. (2009). More may be better, but  there may be too much. Optimal trait level and self-enhancement bias. Journal of Personality, 77, 825-858.doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00566.x  
Leising, D., & Müller-Plath, G. (2009). Person-situation integration in research on personality problems. Journal of Research in Personality, 43,