Forschung: Neutronenstreuung und Spinflüssigkeits­verhalten in α-RuCl3

RuCl3 © S. Nagler RuCl3 © S. Nagler

© S. Nagler

The Kitaev quantum spin liquid (KQSL) is an exotic emergent state of matter exhibiting Majorana fermion and gauge flux excitations. The magnetic insulator α-RuCl3 is thought to realize a proximate KQSL. We used neutron scattering on single crystals of α-RuCl3 to reconstruct dynamical correlations in energy-momentum space. We discovered highly unusual signals, including a column of scattering over a large energy interval around the Brillouin zone center, which is very stable with temperature. This finding is consistent with scattering from the Majorana excitations of a KQSL. Other, more delicate experimental features can be transparently associated with perturbations to an ideal model. Our results encourage further study of this prototypical material and may open a window into investigating emergent magnetic Majorana fermions in correlated materials.

A. Banerjee, J. Yan, J. Knolle, C. A. Bridges, M. B. Stone, M. D. Lumsden, D. G. Mandrus, D. A. Tennant, R. Moessner, S. E. Nagler,
Neutron scattering in the proximate quantum spin liquid α-RuCl3,
Science 356, 1055 (2017) (arXiv)

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Matthias Vojta
Letzte Änderung: 07.06.2018