27.02.2019; Kolloquium

ZIH-Kolloquium: Characterising the evolutionary modes of cancer and normal tissue

Zentrum für Informationsdienste und Hochleistungsrechnen (ZIH)
11:30 - 12:30 Uhr
APB 1096
Nöthnitzer Str.46

Robert John Noble (ETH Zürich)
Kolloquium © ZIH Kolloquium © ZIH


"Characterising the evolutionary modes of cancer and normal tissue"
The nature of evolution within normal and neoplastic tissue is a subject of debate. I will present a highly flexible computational model that allows evolutionary dynamics resulting from diverse spatial structures to be compared in a single framework. Combining stochastic simulations with mathematical analysis, I will explain how tissue architecture governs the potential for subclonal expansion, the prevalence of selective sweeps, and spatial patterns of genetic heterogeneity. I will describe the conditions under which genetic diversity is most predictive of tumour progression, and I will discuss applications in optimising treatment protocols and understanding cancer risk variation. These findings help explain the observed multiformity of cancer and normal tissue evolution and contribute to establishing a theoretical foundation for predictive oncology.

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Ralph Müller-Pfefferkorn
Letzte Änderung: 29.01.2019